What to see in the Vatican? A trip to the Vatican.
The Vatican City State is a city-state enclave in the western part of the Italian capital, Rome, on Vatican Hill, the pope's residence. The Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms of population and area. Vatican citizenship is limited to about 350, but the population is about 1,000. In 1870, when Rome was occupied and annexed to the Italian kingdom, the papal dominions were further reduced. Pope Pius IX refused to recognize the Kingdom of Italy and called on Catholics to boycott it. In actual control of the Vatican territory, the popes fought for a long time against the Italian state, hoping with the support of the major European powers to restore the old papal state. The controversy ended when Pope Pius XI died in 1929. On 11 February 2003, the Lateran agreement was signed with the Italian Government, which formally established the independent Vatican State, and the Roman Catholic Church acquired an exclusive status in Italy. 1947 Vatican sovereignty is enshrined in the Italian constitution. The Vatican Museums have one of the largest collections of art in the world (approximately 70,000 works), consisting of works of art from different eras. Among the exhibits at the Vatican Museum are some of the most famous works of art in the world.
So what to visit in the Vatican.
We recommend starting with St. Peter's Basilica. St. Peter's Basilica is the most important shrine of the Roman Catholic Church and the largest Catholic church in the world. St. Peter is considered the first pope of the Roman Catholic Church. The place where the Basilica now stands was the Circus Gardens of the Emperor Nero of Rome. Of all the buildings of that time there is one Heliopolis obelisk standing at St. At Peter's Square. The first basilica in this square 324 m. built by the first Christian Roman emperor Constantine. 66 memorials of the apostle Peter, who died at the death of the martyr in the Circus of Nero, were carried there.
St. In the basements of Peter's Basilica, some of which are from the old basilica, some from ancient times, there are chapels, including the Lithuanian chapel. In the basement floors, walls and niches are buried popes and basil presbyterians.
The Vatican Museums have one of the largest collections of art in the world (approximately 70,000 works), consisting of works of art from different eras. Among the exhibits at the Vatican Museum are some of the most famous works of art in the world. Although the museum makes a great impression, if you are visiting it on your own, I highly recommend you to spare some money and book at least one of the available tours or an electronic guide.
If you want to visit the Vatican Museum, I recommend buying tickets online - you will not have to stand in queues that are really long during the season. And standing in line, shimmering in the sun is certainly not the most enjoyable activity. Admission costs € 17, and for an additional € 4 to € 5 you can enter the museum without waiting. By the way, on the last Sunday of every month, admission to the museum is free, but the queues are huge then, so we should arrive at the museum very early in the morning. Tickets can be purchased online here: http://www.museivaticani.va/content/museivaticani/en/visita-i-musei/tariffe-e-biglietti.html/ .
Sistine Chapel (Cappella Sistina) - The most famous chapel of the Apostolic Palace. It is the official residence of the Pope in the Vatican. The chapel is famous for its architecture and decoration. The chapel is decorated with murals of Michelangelo, Sandro Boticel, Pietro Perugin, Pinturiki and others during the Renaissance. 1508-1512 With the approval of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted 1 100 m² of ceiling murals. The ceiling and the mural of "The Last Court", painted between 1535 and 1541, are considered to be Michelangelo's most brilliant paintings. The chapel is named after Pope Sistine IV. rebuilt her by name. During that period, Pietro Perugin, Sandro Boticel and Domenico Girlandaj created a series of murals depicting the lives of Moses and Jesus Christ. 1483 August 15 the first Holy Mass took place and the chapel was consecrated. There is now a conclave in the Sistine Chapel, the process by which the new Pope is elected.
St. Peter's Square in the Vatican surrounded by impressive columns. It is in this square that thousands of pilgrims from all over the world gather during the largest Christian feasts. The design of the square was very closely related to the St. Construction of Peter's Basilica. The Basilica has been under construction for many years and has been constantly evolving and expanding. And to make such a gigantic building well visible, it required a huge square, noting the obelisk already standing in front of the basilica.
Tips for traveling to the Vatican. Since there are no hotels in the Vatican, you will have to look for accommodation in Rome. Before choosing a hotel in Rome, check its exact location and distance from the city center. Staying away from the center will spend more money on public transport and spend a lot of time commuting to and from the center. In Rome, a hotel in the center can also be found at a decent price. Check hotel prices in Rome here: https://www.booking.com/searchresults.en.html?city=-126693&aid=1858060&no_rooms=1&group_adults=2&room1=A%2CA
Tips for traveling to Rome : https://www.aplankyti.lt/romos-lankytinos-vietos-ka-pamatyti-romoje/ .