Roman attractions. What to see in Rome

What to see in Rome? Roman attractions. Tips for traveling to Rome

What to see in Rome? Roman attractions. Tips for traveling to Rome.

   A trip to Rome a must for everyone, no longer does the proverb say that all roads lead to Rome. Rome is called the Eternal City. In the center of Lazio in the middle of Italy flows the legendary Tiber. One and a half thousand years ago, one of the oldest cities in the world, Rome, the current capital of Italy, was established on the banks of this river. It's an extraordinary city, it's a city museum. The most impressive are the buildings of ancient Roman times: the Colosseum, the Pantheon, the Forum, the catacombs and others. The city is also unique in that it has a tiny papal state, the Vatican. To visit the Coliseum or St. At Peter's Basilica, I recommend buying tickets for these items online - you won't have to stand in queues that are really long during the season. And standing in line, shimmering in the sun is certainly not the most enjoyable activity.

  Top 10 Places of Interest in Rome:

  10. Trevi Fountain

  Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi) is the largest and most famous Roman fountain. Fountain sculptures were designed by Berninese school artists. The three central sculptures symbolize Neptune, surrounded by two tritons, one trying to deal with an unmanageable seahorse and the other leading a calmer animal. They symbolize two conflicting states of the sea.

9. Palatine Hill

Palatine Hill (Colle Palatino) is one of the seven hills on which the center of Rome is located. The hill lies between the Roman Forum and Circo Massimo. Kings and emperors built their dwellings on this hill. Naturally, this is why Palatine Hill attracts a large amount of tourists. The hill is amazing in that it is identified with the legend of Romulus. It is believed that Romulus, the founder of the city of Rome, was on this hill, and there were initial reflections on the construction of the great city after he killed his brother. Although it remains a mere myth, archaeologists have found human remains on the hill that were predictably of a named age.

Palatino kalvaPalatine Hill

  8. Monument to Victor Emanuel II

  The Monument to Victor Emanuel II (Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II) is in Venice Square. Construction of the monument began in 1885 and was completed in 1911. in honor of the first united king of Italy, Victor Emanuel II. At the top of this monument is an observation deck known as the Terrazza del Vittoriano, or Terrazza delle Quadrighe, which overlooks the Roman roofs, overlooking the ancient ruins of the city and the Roman Old Town.

Viktoro Emanuelio II paminklasMonument to Victor Emanuel II

  7. Spain Square

  The name of this square refers to the adjacent Spanish Embassy. The palm trees are one of the liveliest in the city. 18th century English aristocrats and riches from Northern Europe often visited here.

  6. The Roman Forum

  At the foot of the Capitol and Platinum hills you will find the scattered ruins of the Roman Forum (Foro Romano). In ancient times, the Forum was the center of Roman social and political life. Initially it was a place where markets, brothels and other public offices were operating, but during the imperial period the Roman Forum became a place of important state institutions, business, transactions, temples. Today, the Roman Forum is a large architectural ensemble, most of whose structures date back to the Roman times. It is true that the greatness of the area remains only a ruin, for the Forum suffered the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and between 410 and 455 it was further severely devastated by barbarians. Later, the townspeople also used the remains of the Forum structures as building material when constructing their homes.
Near the Forum is probably the most famous Roman building, the Colosseum. Among the ruins of the forum are the well-preserved arches of triumph - Titus and Septimius Sever.

Romos forumasRoman Forum

    5. The Capitol

   Since Roman times, the Capitol (Campidoglio) has been the center of the religious and political life of the city, where the Roman city government was located. There are now museums in the Capitol building, and a replica of the statue of a stark Mark Aurelius stands on the square. The Capitol Museums are housed in two buildings where you can view a collection of antique sculptures.

    4. Castle of the Holy Angel (Mausoleum of Adrian)

   St. Angel's Castle is a cylindrical antique building in the center of Rome. The construction of the mausoleum was initiated by the 14th Roman Emperor Publius Elijah Trajan Adrian and his family. It is in this mausoleum that Adrian, his family and his subsequent heirs are buried. As the enemies approached Rome, the Pope himself settled in the Castle of the Holy Angel. The castle features luxurious Renaissance popes' suites, prison chambers, a treasure room, and more.

Šventojo Angelo pilis (Adriano mauzoliejus)Castle of the Holy Angel (Mausoleum of Adrian)

  3. The Pantheon

  The Pantheon was once the Roman "temple of all gods" and was built around 126, following the advent of Christianity in Rome, the temple was rebuilt into a church and renamed the Blessed Church. In the name of the Virgin Mary and All Martyrs. Pantheon - The best preserved antique building in Rome. Admission to the Pantheon is free. The origin of the Pantheon name has been traced back to historian Kasij Dio. He said the word meant "for all the gods," and thought the building was so named because its vaults resembled those of heaven. It is also likely that Agrippa dedicated his work to Mars, and the word "pantheon" was generic and only survived thanks to Hadrian. This ruler turned the temple into an imperial hall where senators accepted.

PanteonasThe Pantheon

  2. The Vatican

The Vatican City State is a city-state enclave in the western part of the Italian capital, Rome, on Vatican Hill, the pope's residence. The Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms of both population and area. Only about 350 people have Vatican citizenship. In 1870, when Rome was occupied and annexed to the Kingdom of Italy, the papal dominions were further reduced. Pope Pius IX refused to recognize the Kingdom of Italy and called on Catholics to boycott it. In actual control of the Vatican territory, the popes fought for a long time against the Italian state, hoping with the support of the major European powers to restore the old papal state. The controversy ended when Pope Pius XI died in 1929. On 11 February 2003, the Lateran agreement was signed with the Italian Government, which formally established the independent Vatican State, and the Roman Catholic Church acquired an exclusive status in Italy. 1947 Vatican sovereignty is enshrined in the Italian constitution. The Vatican Museums have one of the largest collections of art in the world (approximately 70,000 works), consisting of works of art from different eras. Among the exhibits at the Vatican Museum are some of the most famous works of art in the world

Vatikano muziejusVatican Museum

  1. The Colosseum

  The Colosseum also called the Flavian Amphitheater. The Colosseum is the world's largest and oldest amphitheater in Rome. It is one of the most magnificent examples of Roman architecture and engineering. The Colosseum was built in the 1st century AD. and was famous for his gladiatorial battles, animal hunting, executions, recreating famous battles, and drama based on classical mythology. The Colosseum has been known since the 8th century. The completed Colosseum became the largest building of the Roman Empire. In 2007, the Colosseum was listed as one of the most impressive structures in the modern world, known as the "New Seven Wonders of the World." For the first time in history, 2010 In September, the city authorities decided to open the Coliseum's underground to tourists. Only a partial façade of the Colosseum is preserved - it was carved during the Renaissance. The torn facade stones were used for the construction of some palaces and bridges in Rome, as well as for St. For the construction of Peter's Basilica.

KoliziejusThe Colosseum

   Tips for traveling to Rome:

  Useful tips for traveling to Rome. Rome is one of the world's tourist capitals, making it inevitably one of the pickpocket capitals. Tip! never place your phone or purse on your desk in this city, never leave your backpack or purse away from your eyes. Keep documents and money in your pockets only, don't show large sums.

  If you want to save money, walk further away from the sights, as well as 200 meters from tourist attractions, the cost can be as low as 50%. Bar and cafe seating with a waiter and service will cost you twice as much as parking and self service at the bar. In the evening, only tourists stay on the streets, enjoying coffee and raising prices. If you plan to use public transport only once, twice - buy one-off tickets. However, if you use public transport frequently, you may want to buy one, two or three day tickets.

  Before choosing a hotel in Rome, check its exact location and distance from the city center. Staying away from the center will spend more money on public transport and spend a lot of time commuting to and from the center. In Rome, a hotel in the center can also be found at a decent price. Check hotel prices in Rome here:

The best way to travel around Rome is by public transport and on foot. To get to the city (from the airport) you can take advantage of the Terravision bus company with a one way fare starting from 5 euros.

  To visit the Coliseum or St. At Peter's Basilica, I recommend buying tickets for these properties online.

  Roman cuisine. What to taste in Rome?

If you want to feel like a local in Rome, you must taste the masterpieces of Roman cuisine. The main courses are pizza, pasta and artichokes. Fast food in Rome is Suppli and Trapizzino. Suppli is a classic Roman oil-based snack made with rice stuffed with mozzarella cheese and marinara sauce. Trapizzino is a street dish typical of modern Rome and is made of a triangular pizza pad stuffed with the usual pizza ingredients.

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